The obligation of Hajj is confirmed by the Quran and the Sunnah of the Messenger
of Allah, as well as the consensus agreement of Muslim scholars. Whoever denies
the obligation of Hajj will be regarded an infidel, and whoever abandons it because
of his indifference to it, though he admits its obligation, is on the verge of disbelief.
Allah the Almighty says which translates as:
“Pilgrimage is an obligation that Allah imposed on people who can afford the
journey; but if any denies this obligation, Allah does not need anything from
His creatures.” (Aal-`Imraan: 97).
The Prophet said : that Islam is founded on five pillars, and that if any of these
five is lacking your Islam will not be complete.
Umar bin Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “ I was about to send
envoys to check on all those who have the means to make Hajj but do not
perform it, in order to demand them to pay Jizyah; they are not Muslims, they
are not Muslims.”
Hajj is one of the best kinds of worship and the greatest in reward.
The Prophet said: “…the reward of Hajj Mabrur (a Hajj accepted by Allah)
is Paradise.” The Prophet also said: “Whoever performs Hajj and does not
commit any obscenity, does not engage in non-sense, WILL come out of his
sins and will be sinless as a newly born baby.” (Bukhari/Muslim)
Hajj can be performed in three different ways: Tamattu’, – Qiraan, –and Ifraad.
a) Tamattu` ( تمتع ) means performing `Umrah during the Hajj season, getting out of
Ihram, and on the Day of Tarwiyah (8th Dhul-Alhijja) entering the state of Ihram
again with the intention to perform Hajj. This type of hajj is the most recommended
for people and it was encouraged by the Prophet .
b) Qiraan ( قران ) means combining Hajj and ‘Umrah. In other words, the pilgrim
declares his intention to perform both Hajj and `Umrah together. The pilgrim stays
in Ihram until he finishes Hajj.
Note: Animal sacrifice is required for Tamattu’ and Qiraan. Quran Chapter 2, Al-
Baqarah Verse 196:“…., whoever takes advantage of this journey and perform
`Umrah, shall offer the sacrifice that he can afford. But if he cannot afford a
sacrifice, he shall fast three days during the Hajj season and seven days
after reaching home, that is, ten days in all. ….”
c) Ifraad ( إفراد ) means that the pilgrim declares his intention for Hajj only. The
pilgrim maintains his Ihraam up to the Day of Sacrifice. Animal sacrifice IS NOT
Although, not all scholars and school of thoughts have agreed on specific pillars,
the following four pillars are the most agreed upon:
1. Ihraam 2. Tawaaf 3. Sa’y 4. Woqoof in Arafat.
Note: If a pilgrim fails to perform a pillar, then his hajj is not complete.
With regards to the requirements of Hajj ( واجبات ), the differences of opinions are
even greater among scholars and school of thoughts. To that end, it is highly
recommended for every pilgrim to educate himself and ask questions before
missing a requirement, then finding himself in a dilemma and asking how to solve
or make up for a mistake. For example, Spending the night in Muzdalifah, some
scholars consider it “a Pillar”, others consider it “a Requirement”, and a third group
consider it “a Sunnah”, so it is better to spend the night in Muzdalifah and avoid
Most scholars, however, agreed on the following requirements:
1. Ihraam from the Meeqat. 2. Spending the night of Eid in Muzdalifah
(Except for the sick and elderly people and those who take care of them) 3.
Spending the nights of Tashreeq in Minaa 4. Stoning (Ramee Aljamarat), and 5.
Shaving or shortening of the Hair.
Other scholars added other requirements such as: (6) Staying in Arafat until
(7) Tawaaf of the Arrival (Quodoom), (8) Farewell Tawaaf, (9) The two Rakaas of
Tawaaf, and (10) Talbyyah.
- Ihram consists of the intention and the Talbiyah. A pilgrim enters the state of Ihram
at the Meeqat or shortly before. It is recommended that the Pilgrim does the
following before entering the state of Ihram:
Cut his hair or shave it as he used to do before.
Cut his nails and remove pubic hair.
Take a bath, perform ablution, and Apply perfume.
Wear two garments of unsown white cloth.
Pray two Rakaat in a permissible time. (Ref: Hadeeth Bilal (RA) when the
Prophet told him that he heard him walking in Jannah).
- In the State of Ihram, (Read Quran Chapter 2, Verse 197), the pilgrim has to avoid
Al Rafth: Husband and wife can’t have intimate relations or foreplay.
Fousouq: Being disobedient.
Jeedal: Arguing which leads to insulting and/or fighting
In addition, the pilgrim should avoid the following:
Wearing sown clothes (for men).
Cutting the hair or cutting the nails. Hunting or Cutting trees
Using perfume (or any scented soap or shampoo)
Covering the head (for men).
Wearing socks and full shoes (Pilgrims should wear slippers or sandals).
Covering of the face or feet during sleep.
- However, a Pilgrim can still do the following things during the State of Ihram:
Take a shower with simple water or unscented soap.
Rub the head or the body very gently without causing any hair to drop
Wear sandals, glasses, earphones, watch, or a money belt.
Change Ihram sheets if they become dirty.
HAJJ TRAVEL TIPS
• Visit your doctor to make sure you are of health to take this journey. If you require medication daily, are high-risk for dehydration or exhaustion, or have trouble walking long distances, this journey maybe dangerous.
• Have your Mofa Check with you it should be stapled to your passport. • Appropriate Vaccinations should also be stapled to your passport.
• Bring two(2) copies of your passport and hajj visa with you.
• Have your ID card with you, if you do not have your ID card, then have your Hajj Package memorized, along with the names of the hotels you are staying in Makkah & Madinah
• You should know where you will be staying during your journeys and at what times you have meals and what your meal plan is throughout.
• Have a list of Phone numbers you will need on your journey (Adam Travel Emergency Line, Hotel Phone’s, Group Leader & Imam Contact information.)
• Bring an unlocked phone with you. If you can obtain a Saudi Sim Card before departure please do so, otherwise purchase one at the airport.
• Understand how to contact Saudi Phone’s from USA (011-966-5) then number. Within Saudi, (05) then local number.
• Do not Pack any Valuables or Medicine in your larger luggage.All medicine should be with you at all times.
• If you can, do not bring any valuables with you, they can be stolen and if you are rooming with multiple people personal safes are not always available.
• Please pack light, excess clothing will wear you down.
• Bring a carry on bag with you to carry items you will need for Manasek. This Bag should be with you at all times. It should contain Medicines, 2-3 days clothing and water.
• If you are arriving at Jeddah Airport, and not continuing on to Medinah, please make sure you are wearing your Ihram. (they can be purchased online, or for certain packages they will be provided to you.)
• Arrive at the airport with a fully charged unlocked cell phone. If you require a Sim Card, purchase one at the airport.
• Call the Adam Travel Airport provided to you. If you do not have the number, please call the Adam Travel Emergency Line. Please be prepared with your Flight number, Airline, Package number, and hotel destination.
• Should airport staff take your luggage from you, please follow it. The airport staff works with the Saudi Govt. Make sure your luggage was placed on the vehicle you are taking to the hotel.
• While on the bus or other vehicle to your hotel, there maybe stops at other hotels. Be aware at each stop and watch the luggage being removed. Please look out for your luggage as it maybe accidentally removed.
• Upon arrival to hotel seek out your Adam Travel Rep.
• If you are not travelling with your group, then you should call the Adam Travel Hotel Rep, or the Adam Emergency Line, prior to arrival at hotel.
• Once you receive your room key and enter your room, do not be surprised to aind your roommates already there. The bonds created between roommates are some of the more memorable aspects of your journey.
• At this point you should seek out your group leader. If you do not have his number, please aind your Adam Travel Hotel rep and ask him for your group leader’s room number and phone number.
• Within 24 hours of arrival you should have contacted your group leader, given him your information. He will be your main source of information for all of the next steps to come.
Pack a light bag that has essential (clothing, medicine, liquids, sunscreen etc.) It is important you travel light moving from location to location during this journey.
• It is essential to stay hydrated during this period. You should be drinking plenty of water before and during each journey.
• There are meals served during manasek, frequency and meal type depends on package purchased. Generally, the meals are heavier during key days of manasek you should portion control. We suggest bringing energy bars on days when you are expecting longer walks.
• Pack comfortable walking shoes when you are not in Ihram.
• Do not leave for Jamarat without your group leader or without someone who knows the way there and back.
• Should you get lost, please make sure you have a working cell phone. Call your group leader, or pick a known location near you and rest there. Do not attempt to walk back until you are rested and fully hydrated.
• Due to the difficulty of getting vehicles in and out of Mina, especially for the economy programs, please be prepared to walk to your camp from wherever you are.
• Always know your camp number upon arrival to Mina.
• When in Arafat avoid going to Masjid al Namirah, it is a very hot and crowded journey.
• Bathroom lines can be very long try to use the bathrooms in the evening to avoid longer wait times.
• Before any departure talk to your group leader or an Adam Travel Rep as to what the appropriate steps to take with your luggage. Often Luggage is brought down to the hotel lobby the evening before and loaded unto a luggage truck.
• Signs should be available with your group # as to when and where to place your luggage.
• If the bellman took your luggage for you, you should always go to the lobby to make sure your luggage is in the correct location.
• Bus Rides are long and tiring, if you get motion sickness bring Dramamine.
• You should also pack a sweatshirt (the A/C can make the bus cold) reading materials to pass the time. We recommend a neck pillow if you are planning on sleeping, and possibly noise cancelling headphones.
• Never board a bus unless an Adam Travel Rep or your group leader direct you to it.
• Always look around for familiar faces from your group to make sure you are on the correct bus.
• Most Importantly bring your patience, the bus rides can be very long and the wait for the bus to arrive can be long as well.